Weight loss during pregnancy
Weight gain during pregnancy is a natural phenomenon that is caused by many factors: baby’s growth in the womb, an increase in the amount of amniotic fluid, hormonal changes. But it also happens that the future mother loses kilograms in the process of bearing a child. What causes weight loss during pregnancy, how to diagnose this condition and how to fix the problem, we’ll cover in this article.
Causes of weight loss during pregnancy
At every scheduled examination at the gynecologist, the pregnant woman necessarily becomes on the scales, and subsequently, the device records are written into the patient’s card – thus the control of the weight of the expectant mother occurs during the entire period of the bearing of the child. There are certain norms for weight gain and the doctor closely monitors any deviations. For known reasons, a pregnant woman should gradually gain pounds, but the reduction in body weight is not always considered the norm. Sometimes the reasons for this phenomenon are completely harmless, but at times they can become evident that there is something wrong with the health of the future mother. Let us consider in more detail the factors by which the weight of a pregnant woman can decrease:
- The most common cause of weight loss during pregnancy is considered toxicosis. Firstly, constant nausea does not contribute to a good appetite, a woman has to give up various foods, and sometimes even switch to a dry biscuit. Of course, in such conditions, extra kilograms simply nowhere to take. Vomiting accompanying toxicosis leads to dehydration of the body, which also contributes to weight loss. Early toxicosis is considered a natural condition, but only if the urge to vomit does not happen daily and repeatedly, depleting the body. In such a case, a woman needs hospitalization.
- Diseases of viral or bacterial origin, leading to a decrease in immunity, accompanied by inflammation and deterioration of well-being, also cause weight loss during pregnancy. As a rule, after recovery, a woman recovers the lost kilograms back.
- Constant stress and nervous tension are one of the likely causes of weight loss during pregnancy. If the experiences of a future mother lead to loss of appetite, it is not surprising that the mass of her body is not added.
- Excessive levels of progesterone in the blood can lead to a worsening of the gastrointestinal tract. A pregnant woman rarely feels appetite and a desire to eat, which also negatively affects her health.
- In the last days of pregnancy, the grown-up child presses down internal organs, including the stomach. This is not only a loss of appetite but also frequent heartburn. Therefore, a small decrease in weight before delivery is a common phenomenon.
- The irrational distribution of work and rest time, fatigue are also considered probable weight loss during pregnancy factors.
- An improperly made menu and poor quality of food, which the future mother eats, can also lead to the loss of
- kilograms. The menu of a woman carrying a baby should be balanced, contain all those substances that support the
- normal functioning of the body. With a lack of any components, the body weight may decrease.
- Smoking and alcohol consumption, harmful in themselves, can also cause loss of kilograms.
- A pregnant woman should pay close attention to her health if the weight loss has occurred dramatically and in a short time, especially if there is a general deterioration of well-being against this background.
In the case of a strong decrease in body weight, as well as in the presence of any pathologies in the pregnant women
the attending physician may prescribe certain body examinations, which include:
- gynecological examination;
- expanded blood and urine tests;
- tests for certain hormones;
Weight loss in various periods of pregnancy
Weight loss during pregnancy in the first trimester
In the first few weeks of pregnancy, the changes that occur in the body of a future mother are not so significant and almost unnoticeable in appearance. Body weight in the first weeks of the period increases to a maximum of 2-3 kg. Usually, during this period the woman still works and is actively engaged in the usual affairs, and the fetus in her womb is too small. But, in most cases, weight loss at this time is considered a normal phenomenon, the common cause of which is toxicosis. Frequent nausea and vomiting lead to loss of appetite, poor digestion of food, dehydration, exclusion from the diet of some familiar products. All this, in turn, is a factor in weight loss.
Although early toxicosis is considered a normal phenomenon of pregnancy, it should not be written off. Frequent dehydration, malnutrition, rapid weight loss can lead to the appearance in the body of future mother ketone bodies – substances that can harm a child in the womb.
If the toxicosis is accompanied by frequent emetic urges, the number of which exceeds 4 episodes a day, the pregnant woman is recommended to go to inpatient treatment in the hospital, where under the supervision of a doctor the state of the organism will be kept under control. As a rule, early toxicosis passes by itself with the onset of the second trimester of pregnancy. After the disappearance of the problem, the weight of the woman should come to normal.
Sometimes weight loss in early pregnancy is not accompanied by toxicosis. A woman can feel fine, lead an active lifestyle while losing kilograms. This phenomenon is quite common and in most cases, it is considered the norm, but to make sure that everything is in good health, it is advisable to undergo additional examinations. If weight loss is associated with poor health, pain, weakness, or other manifestations of the disease, it is simply necessary to seek medical help.
Now I would like to consider in more detail how the weight of a pregnant woman should change in the first weeks of bearing a baby. As a rule, in the first 10 weeks of the term, the increase in body weight is rather insignificant and completely invisible to the naked eye. Rates of weight gain for pregnant women, who initially had a deficit in body weight, are as follows:
- in the first 14 days weight gain may be up to 0.5 kg;
- in another 2 weeks this figure will be about 900 g;
- in a month and a half the body weight should normally increase by 1.4 kg;
- in the second month of pregnancy the expectant mother can add 1.6 kg;
- in 2.5 months this figure should be about 1.8 kg;
- at the 12th week of the term in women of a slim build, the weight gain will be about 2 kg
Pregnant women who do not have a body weight deficit will gain a bit more slowly, for them the rates of increase are as follows:
- the first two weeks the increase will be up to 0.5 kg;
- per month this figure will increase to 0.7 kg;
- at a period of 1.5 months, the increase will be 1 kg;
- in another two weeks the future mother will become heavier by 1.2 kg;
- at 10 weeks of pregnancy, weight gain should be within 1.3 kg;
- By the end of the first trimester, the weight of a pregnant woman with a normal physique can increase by 1.5 kg.
Pregnant women with excess body weight will also have slightly different rates of increase:
- in the first month, weight gain will be about 0.5 kg;
- in another 2 weeks the increase will be 0.6 kg;
- until the end of the second trimester, pregnant women with excess weight can add 100 g every 2 weeks.
Weight loss during pregnancy in the second trimester
Since toxicosis in the second trimester of pregnancy does not bother the expectant mother, the cause of weight loss during pregnancy may be related to other factors, for example, stress, nervous tension or some kind of disease. In the case of stress, which is accompanied by loss of appetite, this phenomenon will be fully explainable. But if a woman eats not less than usual, but at the same time loses kilograms, there is an occasion to suspect the disease and conduct the necessary examinations.
It also happens that the expectant mother, in fear of gaining an excessive mass, which will subsequently be difficult to get rid of, limits herself to nutrition and, as a result, loses weight. It is important to remember that the period of gestation is not the best time for diets, because a small organism needs a lot of substances for its normal development. Needless to say, there is not enough for two, but the food should be full and balanced, contain a maximum of nutrients.
Weight loss during pregnancy in the second trimester of pregnancy should alert the expectant mother because at this time the weight gain is gaining momentum, the child is actively growing, the amount of amniotic fluid in the fetal bladder increases and the round belly becomes noticeable to the naked eye. Consider what weight gain is considered normal for women of a sturdy build:
- at 14 weeks of age the body weight of the pregnant woman should increase by 2.7 kg;
- in another 2 weeks this figure will increase to 3.2 kg;
- by 18 weeks, the future mother will gain 4.5 kg;
- at 20 weeks the increase will be about 5.4 kg;
- in another two weeks the figure will increase to 6.8 kg;
- at 26 weeks of the term, the weight gain may be 8.6 kg;
- By the end of the second trimester, the expectant mother will gain about 9.8 kg.
For women with a normal physique, the indicators will be:
- by week 14, weight gain will be 1.9 kg;
- After 2 weeks, this figure will increase to 2.3 kg;
- in 2 weeks the weight of the pregnant woman will increase by 3.6 kg relative to the initial indicator;
- on week 20 the increase will be 4.8 kg;
- at 22 weeks of the term, the body weight will increase by 5.7 kg;
- a month later the increase will reach 7.7 kg;
- by the end of the second trimester, the weight of the future mother will increase by 8.2 kg.
If the woman had excess weight before the pregnancy, the increase will not be as significant as in the cases described above:
- by the 14th week of the term, the weight will increase by 1 kg;
- within a month this indicator will reach the level of 2.3 kg;
- a month later the increase will be about 3.4 kg;
- at 26 weeks of age the weight of the pregnant woman will increase by 5 kg;
- at the end of the second trimester, the increase is 5.4 kg.
Weight loss during pregnancy in the 3rd trimester
In the most recent weeks of pregnancy, just before birth, the weight of a woman may decrease. As a rule, the mass is reduced by no more than 3 kg. This symptom is a harbinger of rapid delivery and no fears often do not cause.
But sometimes, weight decreases for other reasons. For example, if the last trimester falls on summertime, the woman suffers from the heat, sweats profusely and does not eat much because of appetite impairment. If, at the same time, the development of the child occurs at a normal pace, and the loss of kilograms is not accompanied by a general deterioration in health, there is nothing to worry about. To be sure that everything is in order with the child, and there are no pathologies in the body, you should regularly visit the attending physician in the women’s consultation.
The occasion to worry can arise in the event that the ultrasound study has been established deficiency of body weight of the child or any other diseases has been identified. In such cases, the situation requires medical intervention.
As a rule, by the end of pregnancy, women with a normal physique should gain up to 13.5 kg. With a deficit in body weight, weight gain at the end of pregnancy will be 15.2 kg. And for moms who were overweight before pregnancy, this figure will be 9 kg.
How to deal with weight loss during pregnancy
- Weekly monitoring of body weight during pregnancy is considered an obligatory measure. Weighing in every week, the results should be recorded in a calendar or in a diary – so it will be easier to track weight loss.
- It is also important to monitor the diet and, if possible, record the amount of food eaten and the composition of the dishes. Perhaps the cause of weight loss is the wrong diet. In this case, the menu should be reviewed and made full and balanced.
- The food that the pregnant woman uses should be easy for the stomach and well absorbed. Excessively fatty, spicy and smoked food is digested badly and disrupts the digestive tract.
- A balanced menu is another important condition for maintaining not only normal weight, but also the health of the child. No diets during pregnancy are unacceptable.
- The psychological environment in which the future mother resides daily is also very important for the normal course of pregnancy. All the irritating factors should be eliminated whenever possible, quarrels and contradictions with
- loved ones should be avoided, and even better when a person is near the pregnant woman who is ready to provide support in any situation.
- To reduce the manifestations of toxicosis, but not lose weight, it is recommended to eat small portions, but often.
Let us consider in more detail what products the diet of the future mother should be rich in:
- Bread, preferably whole grains, is a necessary component of the daily menu. Such bread contains a sufficient amount of proteins and fiber, as well as vitamins and other nutrients.
- Fruits and vegetables, used in the fresh form, will bring the body of a pregnant woman a great favor. Dried fruits, honey, and nuts will be no less useful, especially if you add them to muesli and eat for breakfast.
- Milk, yogurt, yogurt, sour cream, cottage cheese, cheese and other dairy products should also form a significant part of the daily menu of the future mother. A pregnant woman is recommended to drink at least 0.5 liters of milk daily or replace it with fermented milk products.
- An important component of the diet is also considered meat – the main source of protein. In the case of this product, it is important to pay attention to the way it is prepared. Boiled or baked meat will be much more useful than roasted meat.
- No less useful than meat is the fish. It is not necessary to eat every day, but at least once a week it is recommended to eat fish. Preferably eat fish not in fried or smoked form, but in boiled, stewed or baked.
- Pregnant should also not forget about enough fluid. It is best to drink compotes or natural juices, as well as ordinary clean water.