Skin care for various dermatological problems
Have you decided to use a face cream that expires on the body? In vain! The skin on the body has other needs than the skin on the face. And these needs can be successfully met with the help of topical products that promote hydration, stimulate the renewal of epidermal cells, protect against the harmful effects of sunlight, and also prevent or reduce inflammation. So, skin care for the face and body is very different and not that for the face we choose cosmetics more expensive, but on the body we save.
At the same time, each of us has unique needs, including when it comes to skin care which involves careful selection and use of appropriate products for the body. How to choose them? This article describes the best active ingredients that help maintain healthy skin, as well as basic care regimens for pathological conditions such as acne, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis.
Proper skin care: physiological features
The skin on the body has its own characteristics, distinguishing it from the skin of the face or neck: it is characterized by
- the increased thickness of the epidermis,
- delayed cell renewal process,
- reduced activity of the sebaceous glands in comparison with the skin of the face.
This leads to skin-specific problems, primarily hyperkeratosis, a decrease in natural exfoliation and a reduction in lipid synthesis, which increases the risk of dryness, irritation, and infection.
Choosing cosmetics for body skin care
The above features predetermine the choice of a cosmetic or hygienic skin care product. So, to maintain the integrity of healthy body skin for routine care, the following product categories are needed: exfoliants, moisturizers, anti-inflammatory ingredients, broad-spectrum sunscreens, antioxidants, extracellular matrix inhibitors, restaurants, and pH-balanced cleansers.
In addition, in routine care, there must necessarily be products focused on specific problems – whether it is excessive skin greasiness (shoulders and back), atopic dermatitis, follicular keratosis, hyperpigmentation or psoriasis.
Care for problem skin of the body: acne
In addition to addressing the specific needs of the healthy skin, the regular therapeutic care of the body is vital to effectively control the symptoms of dermatological pathologies such as acne, acne, neurodermatitis (eczema), follicular keratosis, hyperpigmentation or psoriasis.
Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the impaired activity of the sebaceous glands, the proliferation of the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes, and follicular hyperkeratosis. On the body, acne is mainly seen on the chest and upper back. In this situation, the basis of local treatment are the derivatives of vitamin A (retinoids) and antimicrobial agents such as benzoyl peroxide and erythromycin antibiotic. Retinoids help prevent hyperkeratosis and new acne, while antimicrobials reduce bacterial proliferation. Benzoyl peroxide is strongly recommended when using antibiotics since it helps prevent the development of antibiotic resistance in Propionibacterium acnes. Good results are the use of salicylic acid.
Care for problem skin of the body: pigment spots
Hyperpigmentation is a problem that has several causes, including the result of UV damage, inflammation and some disorders like acne and atopic dermatitis. Typically, cosmetics for the skin of the body with pigmented spots contains phenolic (for example, based on hydroquinone) or non-phenolic (for example, azelaic or kojic acid) components. Such products should necessarily be used in combination with a wide-range sunscreen, as exposure to the sun reduces the effectiveness of treatment. It is also recommended to periodically use exfoliating agents such as salicylic acid and tretinoin.
Care for problem skin of the body: remove “pimples”
Follicular keratosis is a fairly common genetically determined and often asymptomatic disorder that provokes hyperkeratosis (an excess of keratin protein) around the hair follicles. This leads to the appearance of small but numerous “pimples”, sometimes – surrounded by erythema, which worsen the appearance of the skin. The disorder affects mainly the back of the body, the shoulders, and also occurs on the upper part of the legs and buttocks. Follicular keratosis is best treated by reducing skin dryness and keratosis with body cosmetics, which contains both moisturizing and exfoliating ingredients (fruit acids, mechanical abrasives).
Care for problem skin of the body: allergic diseases
Atopic dermatitis is manifested by spots of dry, red, itchy skin – these areas are mainly on the buttocks, inside the elbows and knees. Although the disease can be hereditary, there are other factors contributing to its development (such as immune response and the effects of allergens or environmental irritants). Effective skin care with moisturizing components (such as a natural moisturizing factor) is of paramount importance in this case: it reduces the risk of dryness and irritation, which helps prevent outbreaks of exacerbations. Sometimes external corticosteroids (for example, hydrocortisone) may be required to help suppress exacerbations of an allergic reaction to the skin.
Psoriasis is an inflammatory autoimmune disease of unknown etiology that is characterized by overproduction of epidermal cells (the cycle of renewal for psoriasis is accelerated to 4 days, and not 28 to 30 days in normal). As a result, an abnormal amount of dead cells accumulating on the surface of the skin, forming spots covered with silvery scales. Keratolytics, such as resorcinol, reduce the accumulation of dead cells. They are usually used in combination with local corticosteroids, which help control inflammation in psoriasis. Regular exfoliation helps to minimize uncomfortable sensations on the skin of the body.