Prebiotics inulin and its beneficial properties
Thanks to advertising, most of us know: probiotics (live bacteria and micro-organisms) is absolutely necessary for the maintenance of normal intestinal flora, strong immunity, healthy skin and so on … But prebiotics “lucky” less – they are not as advertised, although, in fact, they are complementary substances, links of the same chain.
What is prebiotics used for? Where are they kept? How many should they eat? The answers to these questions you will learn from our article.
Prebiotics are food components that are not digested in the stomach, invariably enter the large intestine, and the most interesting begins there… “Living” in the large intestine probiotics – living microorganisms – use prebiotics … as a “food”. Using special enzymes, probiotics split prebiotics using the resulting energy for reproduction.
Of course, the use of refined food, malnutrition – all this leads to the fact that prebiotics catastrophically lacks the organism (especially the organism of a city dweller!), Which causes the death of beneficial bacteria and health problems. The way out is to diversify the diet or additionally eat additives with prebiotics.
The recommended daily dose of prebiotics is 4 g, but some nutritionists recommend increasing the “dose” to 8 and even 12 g. Thus, to get the daily minimum of prebiotics, you need to eat, for example, 9 g of chicory root, or 400 g of bananas.
Types of prebiotics
Prebiotics include a number of products and substances of plant and animal origin, as well as organic substances:
- lactose and lactulose;
- carotenoids, including beta-carotene, etc.
Inulin – he is such a one
This prebiotic is one of the most famous, used in the food industry, and in pharmaceuticals and even in cosmetology! Inulin is not synthesized artificially – it is of purely vegetable origin and is found mainly in the roots and tubers of plants. Especially a lot of him in Jerusalem artichoke, chicory, artichoke. Inulin is also found in garlic, onion, dandelion, echinacea, raisins, asparagus, banana, and also in violets, bells, lilies and even dandelions.
How does inulin work?
Inulin, like other prebiotics, is unchanged in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract, and in the large intestine, it is completely fermented with bifidobacteria, stimulating their growth and metabolic activity. In its turn, the unsplit part of inulin is excreted from the body by “taking” with itself the decay products, toxins, and other harmful substances. Thus, inulin has a number of useful properties.
- Promotes normalization of intestinal microflora, renders dysbiosis prevention
- Improves the process of digestion and peristalsis.
- Help normalize immunity.
- Promotes the improvement of lipid metabolism (relieves bad cholesterol).
- Helps detoxify the body, removes toxins and toxins.
- Promotes the assimilation of vitamins and trace elements in the body (magnesium – by 30%, calcium – by 20%, which is n)
- Promotes weight loss, because it increases saturation, at the same time, added to food, gives them a pleasant creamy taste and low calorie.
- Normalizes the level of sugar in the blood. Getting into the stomach, inulin is exposed to hydrochloric acid, and its uncleaved molecules adsorb glucose molecules, preventing its absorption into the bloodstream. Thus, the blood sugar level decreases. This ability of inulin to influence the level of glucose helps in the treatment of type II diabetes.
Inulin is a part of many cosmetics. It is this supplement that provides nourishment and hydration of the skin, improves oxygen metabolism, helps to accelerate the production of elastin. Inulin in cosmetics helps to soften rough skin and even helps in eliminating small facial wrinkles.