Hair restoration: methods and procedures
Hair restoration is a complex of cosmetological procedures that allows you to improve the condition of hair, give them shine and splendor, restore density, eliminate dryness and cross-section at the tips, fatness at the roots.
For deep hair restoration, you need to use the means that affect both the outer part of the hair and its roots. It is this complex effect that can effectively restore the density of hair, restore elasticity, smoothness, and shine to them.
Inside the hair are only low-molecular compounds (small molecules). High molecular substances remain on the surface of the hair shaft. It is on this basis that most hair restoration agents are based. Their active ingredients are deposited on the surface of the hair and, as it were, seal its scales, smooth the damaged areas, prevent the loss of water from the hair shaft, make it thicker, smoother, reflective light. As a result, visually, the hair is shiny, silky, thick, although, in fact, their structure remains the same.
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Modern shampoos – a combination of cleaning components (surfactants), conditioning additives, compounds that affect the scalp (plant extracts, zinc compounds), preservatives, dyes, fragrances
Folk recipes for hair restoration can be an alternative to synthetic care products. Most often used a variety of masks for hair. There are a huge number of recipes, which usually include products such as honey, yolk, essential oils and vegetable oils.
Honey contains B vitamins, copper, iron, molybdenum, magnesium, and other useful microelements, which feed not only the hair shaft but also the surface layer of the scalp. The yolk is rich in amino acids, fat-soluble vitamins A and E. Vegetable oils of jojoba, avocado, wheat germ, burdock have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, moisturizing effect, soften the scalp. Coconut oil and oil extract of amla moisturize hair, make them shiny, reduce brittleness, salo, and dandruff, reduce the rate of loss, fight with split ends, and remove skin irritation. Essential oils are also often part of the course of intensive hair restoration. The bergamot essential oil will make fatty hair lighter. Jasmine and ylang-ylang give shine. Tea tree oil will help in the fight against dandruff.
Did you know that
… … on average, a person has about 100,000 hair follicles on his head. And from each of them throughout his life grows up to 30 hairs
Some masks, which include warming substances, such as pepper or mustard, enhance the blood supply to the skin. As a result, nutrients begin to flow more actively to the cells of the follicles.
To grow hair and maintain their beauty in the diet must be present protein because it is the main structural element of hair. Protein can be obtained not only from meat and eggs but also from fish. Seafood contains at the same time a large amount of protein and trace elements, which have a good effect on the structure of the hair.
Fats from the diet cannot be excluded. It is the lipids, connecting with the protein structures of the hair, form on their surface a protective shell, which ensures the adhesion of scales and protects the hair. Useful unsaturated fats can be obtained from nuts, avocados, sea fish or vegetable oil.
For normal hair growth, vitamins and minerals must be consumed.
Hair preparations contain vitamins of group B: thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), nicotinic acid (B6), biotin (B7), folic acid (B9), Cyanocobalamine (B12). Also, to restore the structure of the hair, vitamins A, E, C and such trace elements as calcium, zinc, iron, selenium, iodine, magnesium, phosphorus are needed.
Salon procedures for hair restoration
In the salon can offer several methods for rapid hair restoration. Lamination, screening, glazing, glossing of hair are all variations of the same method.
At the final stage of these procedures, a composition is applied to the hair that polymerizes under the influence of temperature (iron or hair dryer) and forms a protective film. The hair becomes more smooth, shiny, it seems thick and bulky. But only if the procedure was carried out correctly, professional compositions were used, the master accurately followed the procedure and did not dry his hair.
When laminating to the hair, a transparent agent is applied, which makes them considerably shinier and can last up to 6-8 weeks. Screening and glossing are carried out almost the same way, but before the final sealing of the hair, a nutrient composition is applied to them, so that the procedure has not only a cosmetic but also some curative effect.
When glazed, the composition can have its own shade. In this case, the hair becomes a certain color. Unlike paint, the composition does not perish in the hair, remaining on the surface. After about 2-3 months the component will be washed off. Glazing is a good opportunity to try on a new shade without harm to the hair.
Cauterization does not promise an elegant and lasting result but is considered a procedure that restores the hair, and not just temporarily changes their appearance. Cauterization can be carried out in a hot way, “sealing” the therapeutic composition inside the hair, or cold, without heat exposure. The effect of this procedure is less pronounced than with lamination and lasts only 1-2 weeks. Therefore, cauterization is advised to follow a course of 4-5 procedures.
Keratin reduction is suitable for severely damaged hair. The keratin preparations contain hydrolyzed keratin, broken into small molecules. Unlike the usual, keratin in this form penetrates into the deep layers of the hair and restores its structure. But for normal hair, this procedure can give the opposite effect. Due to satiety keratin hair can become stiff and confused. Therefore, the selection of a specific type of salon procedure for hair restoration is best entrusted to the master.
Ways of deep hair restoration in cosmetology clinics
All procedures for salon and home care affect only the hair shaft and practically do not affect its follicle. That is, they help to temporarily restore a beautiful appearance, but do not promote the growth of healthy hair.
In contrast, hair restoration procedures in medical centers and cosmetology offices affect exactly the root of the hair. Thanks to such manipulations it is possible to accelerate hair growth, to make them stronger at the roots, to reduce prolapse. But such procedures will not add shine, as they do not solve the problem of split ends.
Of the most popular procedures for rapid hair restoration, you can note reflexology, mesotherapy, laser and ozone therapy, PRP-therapy.
When reflex therapy, biologically active points are affected by different instruments – microneedles, electric current, special devices. This effect allows you to improve blood circulation at certain points. This is a safe method, which has virtually no contraindications. But most often it is used not separately but in combination with other procedures.
Of the advantages can be noted complex impact, that is, when treating hair, you can restore the body as a whole. Of the minuses – the result depends very much on the qualification of a specialist. And it’s not that easy to find an experienced reflexologist.
Mesotherapy – it’s all known “injections of beauty”, only for the hair. As we have already said, large molecules do not pass through the stratum corneum and do not enter the follicles. Mesotherapy allows to bypass this barrier – to introduce the necessary substances and vitamins directly into the follicles.
The drug for mesotherapy is selected by a cosmetologist, depending on the problems that need to be solved. It can contain vitamins, peptides, microelements, extracts of medicinal plants and other substances that stimulate blood circulation and help the growth of healthy hair. These cocktails are injected into the scalp with a syringe with a thin needle. Whether mesotherapy is painful depends both on the qualification of the cosmetologist and on the individual sensitivity of the patient.
A full course of mesotherapy – about 10 procedures with an interval of 1-2 weeks. But the first results can be estimated after 3-4 sessions.
Darsonvalization and laser treatment are methods that affect the scalp. Both of them increase blood circulation in the skin, restore the work of the sebaceous glands, stimulate hair growth and improve their condition. They are often used in conjunction with mesotherapy or PRP-therapy, as they increase the effect of drugs injected into the skin.
When ozonotherapy injections are injected into the scalp, as in mesotherapy. But instead of nutritious cocktails ozonized solutions are used. It is believed that ozone improves blood circulation, oxygen supply to cells, activates dormant follicles and accelerates hair growth, reduces their loss. The course requires about 10 procedures, which are held 2-3 times a week.
PRP-therapy is also called plasma therapy. Here, as a nutrient, the patient’s blood plasma is used, enriched with platelets. Plasma contains a large number of biologically active and nutrient substances, growth factors, hormones, and other useful components. It has a powerful stimulating effect and allows you to quickly repair damaged hair, improve their nutrition, accelerate growth. Due to the fact that this is a component of our own body, the introduction of plasma does not cause allergies or complications.
In order to qualitatively conduct plasma therapy, the clinic should have special equipment and qualified doctors who know all the subtleties of this procedure. A total of 3 to 5 procedures are required per course. And the gap between them can be 1-3 months.
In which cases, means and procedures for hair restoration will not help?
Unfortunately, even a complex of home, salon and cosmetic procedures cannot always stop falling out, increase the density of hair or make them strong and bulky. There are situations when you need to turn to a doctor instead of a beautician or a hairdresser.
Hair can begin to fall out due to hormonal failure, as a result of androgenetic alopecia, autoimmune disease, anemia or skin diseases. Therefore, if hair restoration products do not help, it makes sense to consult a trichologist. He will conduct trichoscopy, if necessary, send for a blood test or other examinations. And after the cause of hair loss or damage has been identified, a complex treatment will be carried out, possibly together with an endocrinologist, gastroenterologist, neurologist or other specialists.
Some diseases, for example, androgenic or scarred alopecia, disrupt the growth of follicles or cause their death. If the follicles are lost, then no “nutrition” will restore the hair. In this case, only a transplant will help. Modern techniques allow you to achieve a natural effect, painlessly and reliably remove the bald patches. As with any other method of hair treatment, it is important to find a well-equipped clinic and a qualified specialist.
To restore the beauty of the hair, you need to work on them both from the outside and from the inside. Home or salon methods will help restore shine, silky and thick, but such care only affects the outer part of the hair and should be done regularly. The use of cosmetic procedures allows you to nourish the roots, accelerate growth and help restore the health of the newly growing hair