Endometriosis – Symptoms and Treatment
Many have probably heard of a disease such as endometriosis, but few know what this disease is.
Often it is confused with other diseases, and the reasons for its appearance are still arguing even specialists.
Let’s talk about this disease today with an accessible language and find out how it manifests, what endometriosis is dangerous and how to treat it with medicines and folk remedies.
We learn what factors lead to the development of the disease, and whether endometriosis can develop into cancer.
What is endometriosis?
The inner surface of the uterus is lined with a special tissue called the endometrium. This tissue is involved in the menstrual cycle, swelling and tearing off during menstruation.
But sometimes particles of the endometrium, transported by blood, can “move” to other organs. Most often, the endometrium enters the fallopian tubes and into the ovaries. Being there, the endometrium also swells and in those places where it is located, local inflammation can begin, which ends with the formation of connective tissue.
The probability of endometriosis is increased by the following factors.
Heredity. Quite often, the diseased can be found in the family of someone from relatives who also had this disease.
Elevated levels of estrogen. If the balance of estrogen and progesterone is disturbed, the likelihood of developing the disease also increases. To exclude this possibility, it is recommended to do an analysis of hormones.
Age is more than 35-45 years. Despite the fact that the disease is often found in other age groups, most often the development of the disease occurs after 40 years.
Alcohol and caffeine abuse. Even if you do not drink alcohol, you can not be completely sure that you are not at risk, as provoking endometriosis can be addicted to drinking coffee.
Stress. This factor is very common. Many patients noted that the disease was preceded by a period of prolonged stress when for a long time some situation was not solved and they were in a constant state of nervous tension. Stress, accompanied by the release of adrenal hormones, leads to a marked decrease in immunity.
Sometimes the development of endometriosis after treatment of cervical erosion by diathermocoagulation was observed, which occurs almost before the onset of menstruation with the risk of endometrial cells entering the wound surface.
According to many physicians, the main cause of endometriosis is a malfunction in the immune system. Since the casting of uterine blood in the tubes during menstruation occurs in many women, but as a result of this, endometriosis develops only in some of them.
The exact causes of the onset and development of the disease have not yet been established.
What is the danger of endometriosis?
As mentioned above, endometrial particles can cause local inflammation there. Where are they located? If this occurs in the fallopian tubes, they become impassable and this leads to the development of infertility in women. According to statistics, 65% of women with infertility suffer from endometriosis.
Sometimes the particles of the uterine tissue reach the intestine. Getting into it, particles of the endometrium cause bleeding. But the appearance of blood during defecation, many are confused with exacerbation of hemorrhoids. You can distinguish endometriosis of the intestine from hemorrhoids by the periodicity of the appearance of blood in the secretions. With endometriosis, this occurs with the same frequency as the menstrual period.
But the intestine is not the most remote place in the body, where there may be an endometrium. Transporting with blood, particles of this tissue can get into the lungs, leading to hemoptysis.
Sometimes the endometrium reaches the tissues of the eye, causing the syndrome of “bloody tears”, which in ancient times was considered a manifestation of something otherworldly and unusual.
Despite the popular belief in people, endometriosis is not a disease that leads to cancer.
But, if it is not treated, the disease will manifest itself in the form of constant pain, intensifying in the period of menstruation. And the intensification of pain can be so strong that a woman loses her ability to work at this time.
If the endometriosis of the fallopian tubes is not treated, this will lead to their adhesion, the impossibility of conception, and as a consequence the loss of the ability to have children.
Symptoms of endometriosis
Often the disease remains unnoticed due to the fact that in the initial stages there are no obvious signs by which it can be determined. It can be pain during menstruation, which many women confuse with the individual features of the course of menstruation.
Often, endometriosis of the uterus is accompanied by bloody discharge between menstruation, menstruation with endometriosis is accompanied by pain in the pelvic region, as well as painful sensations during sexual intercourse.
Sometimes the disease occurs without painful manifestations and many women do not even suspect its presence. Therefore it is recommended to undergo a screening at the gynecologist in time to identify possible manifestations of the disease.
It is not always easy to establish the presence of endometriosis due to the fact that many diseases of the pelvic organs have a very similar clinical picture.
Even with the help of an ultrasound examination of the uterus (ultrasound), it is not always possible to unambiguously establish a diagnosis. Some doctors can put endometriosis, but others do not. It all depends on which phase of the cycle is being researched.
To clarify the diagnosis, hysteroscopy (the introduction of a special optical device for examination into the uterus) or laparoscopy can be prescribed, when an optical device is inserted into the abdominal cavity through a small incision
For the treatment of endometriosis, the doctor prescribes hormonal contraceptives and monitors the changes. As a rule, in 3-4 months there comes an improvement, pains decrease.
Often, medical methods are combined with surgical intervention for surgical treatment. As a rule, surgical intervention is prescribed for nodal forms of the disease, ovarian cysts and a combination of the disease with uterine fibroids.
Medications used to treat endometriosis in women affect the ovaries, reducing their activity and suppressing menstrual function. This allows to reduce the inflammation in the foci of endometriosis and to localize them.
For the treatment of endometriosis most often used drugs such as (Duphaston),
Bleeding and pain noticeably decreases after 2 months after the start of treatment.
The best therapeutic effect of endometriosis is pregnancy. Therefore, if you plan to have children, do not delay it. It is recommended to give birth no later than 30 years.
After treatment of endometriosis, rehabilitation therapy can be prescribed, which prevents adhesions and the possibility of developing various complications.
For this purpose, electrophoresis is prescribed with preparations of iodine, zinc, a certain diet, and vitamins.
Prophylaxis of endometriosis
To prevent the development of this disease, the following recommendations should be adhered to.
First, it is necessary to follow your diet, adhering to “healthy” foods and avoiding “harmful” foods. Add more vegetables and fruits to your menu and reduce the consumption of sweets, cakes, sweets to a minimum.