Causes of hair loss in women
Female hair loss is a process that is pathological or physiological, depending on the cause of it. Areas that remain without hair can be extensive and visible, which is called baldness.
In addition, hair may fall out in rows. Some common factors can lead to their loss:
- Improper care
- Avitaminosis and micronutrient deficiencies
- Adherence to dietary diets
- Hormonal dysfunction
- Inherited predisposition
- Treatment with certain medications
Sometimes it is enough to find out and neutralize one of the reasons for hair growth to recover. This fact is due to the only competent approach to the treatment of baldness: to begin to find out the pathogenic factor and eliminate it. In addition, there are many modern techniques that allow this, among them: the study of the hormonal status, the performance of the hair Trichogramma and their spectral analysis, the performance of blood tests. When the results are obtained, the doctor (trichologist) will prescribe a therapeutic course that will be compiled individually for each patient.
There are also physiological norms, according to which a healthy person will lose up to 100 hairs daily. At the same time, they manage to be replaced by new ones, so their loss is unnoticeable. If the balance is disturbed, the hair does not grow, but it falls out or is lost in significant quantities, this will definitely lead to baldness.
Causes of hair loss cause three months ago. This is due to the fact that having outlived the period from 2 to 7 years, they begin to be prepared for a removal for a maximum of 3 weeks. After 3 months the hair falls out.
The main factors affecting excessive hair loss
Anemia. This factor is a frequent provocateur of female alopecia. Excessive blood loss can be observed during menstruation. If anemia develops, it leads not only to hair loss but also to the deterioration of the appearance of the skin and nails. Anemia can also be a consequence of adherence to dietary nutrition, vegetarianism, and increased physical exertion. As a result, the woman begins to lose hair.
Bearing and breastfeeding. The natural process is the return of most trace elements, vitamins and other nutrients to the child. At the same time, the mother’s body often suffers from their lack. This will definitely affect the condition of her skin and nails, as well as her hair. After childbirth, certain changes will occur in the body due to hormone restructuring. It can also cause excessive fallout. Increased loads experienced by the mother in the first year, the presence of chronic fatigue, lack of sleep and overwork during the day and night hours lead to health problems. Suffering from this skin, hair, and nails.
Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Against the background of problems with the thyroid gland, namely with a decrease in its functional capabilities, the hair structure is thinning. They break down and fall out faster. Suspected pathology can be for other symptoms, including dry skin, severe weakness, fatigue. Often there are violations of the menstrual cycle. If similar signs were noticed, you should not drag with the reference to the endocrinologist. The doctor will prescribe a comprehensive examination of the gland.
Polycystic ovary. When the two main genital glands are affected, the estrogen production will definitely fail. If the female sex hormones become less and the male ones more, then this may be the cause of the loss of the scalp. In this case, testosterone is the culprit. (More: Polycystic: causes and symptoms )
Fungal infection If a fungus settles on the scalp, it will contribute to balding in the form of nests. Pathogenic microorganisms are capable of damaging the follicles, as a result – the areas without hair are round. And more on the affected areas will not grow hair. This is due to the fact that the existing mycelium destroys all the nutrients that are necessary for hair growth. To get rid of the existing problem, you need to visit a doctor. He may prescribe certain medications, ointments, and shampoos. Comprehensive treatment can effectively eliminate the fungal infection of the skin.
Chronic diseases. If a person has any chronic disease, such as lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis, this can cause early baldness. Toxic effects, problems in the work of the endocrine glands, infections of the body have a negative effect. However, in the presence of such pathologies, other symptoms of diseases will appear, which will be expressed in different states, depending on the specific pathology. That is why it is so important to thorough diagnosis when detecting abundant hair loss. After all, even the most expensive treatment will be ineffective when the true cause of alopecia is not found.
Stress. Dystonia of the autonomic nervous system, neurosis, and regular experiencing stress – all this can cause pathological vasoconstriction. Nutrition of the follicle is broken and the hair dies. These factors can affect male and female alopecia.
Drug Therapy. Drugs that the patient takes about any pathology can affect the condition of the hair, including the speed of their death. These may include hormonal contraceptives, laxatives, antidepressants, etc. There are about 100 of these drugs. Anagenic baldness provokes drugs for the treatment of cancer. Many weight loss products can have a laxative effect. As a result, a woman loses not only kilograms but in parallel in the intestine, the process of absorption of beneficial substances to the body is disturbed. Poor-quality drugs can be a source of salts of heavy metals, selenium, which causes intoxication of the body and leads to hair loss.
Cosmetic procedures and injuries. Any mechanical damage causes damage to hair, sometimes it can be quite pronounced.
This is a series of mechanical damage:
- Too often exposing the hair to chemical attack, for example, dyeing, curling, bleaching, straightening with a hairdryer or ironing, this will definitely lead to their accelerated death.
- The use of wigs and hairpieces, false hair, application of styling products or even the use of hair care products (improper) will all lead to alopecia.
- Any tension of the hair leads to the fact that the follicles lose their normal blood supply, the hair lacks nutrients, breaks down and falls out. The danger in this regard is the tight tail, weaving dreadlocks, and African braids, rough combing, the implementation of complex hairstyles.
The process of scarring. When hair loss occurs as a result of infection of the skin, burns or radiation, it leads to pathological changes. The bulb collapses, as a result, the hair in this area does not grow forever. This type of baldness is called cicatricial alopecia.
Exposure to cold, caffeine intake. Both of these factors lead to the fact that the vessels penetrating the scalp, spasms. As a result, chronic spasm leads to increased hair loss. Therefore, in cold weather, you should always cover your head and also limit coffee consumption.
Telogenic hair loss, which is chronic. The process of telogenic loss of a chronic nature or CTE is pronounced and prolonged hair loss, which is not due to other causes. This process can take several years. Loss of hair does not occur in certain areas, but globally. Nevertheless, the appearance of a woman does not suffer from this. The density of the hair does not change, the parting width and the growth line are preserved. Doctors talk about telogen fallout when all other reasons are excluded. If CTE leads to noticeable bald patches and pronounced alopecia zones appear, then it makes sense to revise the initial diagnosis for androgenic alopecia. It is impossible to get rid of CTE at this time since effective treatment still does not exist. Neither corticosteroid hormones, nor contraceptives with antiandrogens, nor Minoxidil help. Therefore, doctors offer their patients to choose the tactics of observation and, when the loss increases, come back to the appointment. Sometimes this approach allows the problem to self-destruct after a few years. It will not be superfluous to take iron and zinc-containing drugs, even if they are normal in the blood.
AHA. Androgenic alopecia is a male-female hair loss. This process is characterized by parietal hair loss, as a result, these zones are thinning and skin can be seen through them. This process is considered curable. The only remedy that has proven itself in the treatment of AHA is Minoxidil. The doctor can determine this type of alopecia by using the pattern on the woman’s head in the form of so-called “bald patches” and the histology of the skin.
Diffuse alopecia. Alopecia areata is a common type of baldness and can be diagnosed in both adults and children. At this time, the hair falls out in such a way that bald spots form on the patient’s head, however, they are not very extensive. There are no absolutely hairless zones on the head of a person. On the basis of microscopic studies performed, it was found that the skin taken from problem areas has certain similarities with the skin that was taken from patients with standard focal alopecia. Scientists have concluded that even with a difference in clinical manifestations, diffuse alopecia, as a result, is a type of focal alopecia. To get rid of it, you can use the same type of drugs that stop the work of the cells of the immune system. Therefore, when establishing this diagnosis, The doctor may recommend therapy with corticosteroid hormones. Forms of release vary – it can be ointments, foams, shampoos.
Excessive activity of sex hormones. It is possible that the loss of hair may be associated with increased work of male sex hormones in her body. It is possible to suspect this particular root cause of baldness if there are other associated symptoms: acne and acne, seborrhea, amenorrhea, infertility, excess weight, and hair growth on the face and body. If the trichologist reveals such problems, he should send the woman for a consultation to an endocrinologist and a gynecologist. Treatment, in this case, should be joint. Often, women have a symptom of polycystic ovaries, which was mentioned above.
Lack of zinc. It was found that women and men suffering from enhanced hair loss, there is a shortage of such a trace element as zinc. Therefore, sometimes, its introduction to the therapeutic scheme allows making it more effective.
Diagnosis of hair loss
Men in almost 90% of cases suffer from hair loss due to genetic predisposition. In women, alopecia can be caused by other factors, often depending on the state of health.
To identify the true cause, it is necessary to undergo a series of studies:
- perform a blood test.
- Investigate the hormonal status on the subject of several hormones, in particular: the hormone androstenedione, luteinizing hormone, testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, DHEA, prolactin.
- Identify the presence or absence of syphilis.
- Investigate hormones reproducible by the thyroid gland, such as TSH, T4, and T3.
- Identify even minor irregularities in hair density (optical).
- To establish the iron-binding ability, the level of iron and ferritin in the blood.
- Carry out the pulling method. In this case, the doctor pulls a bundle consisting of 100 hairs. If there are more than 3 of them, then such losses are considered excessive.
- A small portion of the scalp not exceeding a diameter is examined. 4 mm. The biopsy is performed using a microscope.
Answers to some frequently asked questions.
Does the hair that I wear affect hair loss? Hair can have an impact. It is proved that the stronger the hair is stretched, the faster they fall out. In this case, there is alopecia of the frontal, temporal zones and the crown. Tight hairstyles and constantly collected hair – this is harmful to their structure. The danger lies in the fact that where the hair fell out, due to excessive tension, they will no longer grow. To avoid such trouble, you should not tighten the hair before the appearance of pain. The resulting feeling of tension, which brings discomfort, is a signal that the hairstyle should be relaxed.
Are there effective masks, shampoos, or any other means against hair loss, to strengthen the hair or to make hair thicker, which can be used at home? How to choose the best tool? The modern market is rich in various hair care products. Many of them guarantee excellent results. However, it should be understood that a universal remedy that would suit every woman simply does not exist. This is due, primarily, to the abundance of causes leading to hair loss. Thus, the drugs Minoxidil have certain effectiveness, but it is proven only in relation to androgenic alopecia. Just as contraceptives, with their antiandrogenic components, can help not every woman. Therefore, before you put into practice the advice of other people, it is important to ask about the causes of hair loss in them. It is possible that a remedy that fits one will be useless for the other. Reliable information regarding whether various capsules and ampoules really help with alopecia also failed to find. Therefore, it is not advisable to recommend them as a remedy.
Do I need to take vitamins and minerals against hair loss or to strengthen the hair? You can also answer this question only after determining the true cause of hair loss. So, if this process is physiological, then no additives are needed. When baldness is associated with a lack of iron or zinc, then taking certain medicines can have a positive effect on the treatment process. However, in this case, it is advisable not to take vitamins, but special preparations.
Dry and fragile hair. Hair loss is often caused not by its complete release with the root, but by simple brittleness. Most often this occurs in women with long hair, which is caused by various cosmetic manipulations produced with them.
The experience of getting rid of increased fragility, which has been accumulated by many women, can be concluded in several recommendations:
- When the scalp does not have a high-fat content, you can use the only conditioner to wash your hair, without shampoo. It should be applied and washed off twice.
- The conditioner can be applied in advance and after two hours just wash it off. This method is faster.
- When the hair remains greasy after this method of washing, you can apply shampoo closer to the roots, and hair conditioner. With the help of massage, the tool is distributed evenly along the entire length, after which the hair is washed.
- Silk pillowcase allows you to minimize damage to the hair on the pillow.