Breast implants: determine your choice
Today there are various breast implants. Annually, about one hundred thousand operations are performed to install them, since breast augmentation is a very popular service in the field of aesthetic surgery.
Those wishing to have more perfect breasts can adjust not only the size but also the shape, make the glands symmetrical or eliminate their sagging.
About the subtleties of the choice of breast implants and its installation – in detail in our material
WHAT IS AN IMPLANT USED FOR BREAST IMPLANTS?
breast implants, or endoprosthesis, is an item from a material that is biocompatible with the tissues of the human body. It is designed to correct the shape of the mammary glands in the female and male.
Today, manufacturers offer a wide selection of endoprostheses, differing in shape, size, type of surface and filler.
TOP-5 MAIN FILLERS FOR BREAST IMPLANTS
The following types of materials are used to breast implants:
- saline solution;
- silicone gel;
- silica gel beads;
Each of the fillers has a number of advantages and disadvantages. Consider the types of implants, depending on what is inside them.
Saline (saline solution)
Their name fully corresponds to the composition: inside is a solution of sodium chloride. This type of breast prosthesis is quite budgetary.
The pluses also include the fact that after the operation, very small scars remain on the breast. This is because the solution is pumped into the cavity after the prosthesis has been inserted.
Of the disadvantages of a salt implant, it is possible to isolate its sufficiently large weight and the difficulty of locating the rupture site in case of damage. If this happens, immediate surgery is required.
As a filler, saline is used, as a rule, only for correction of a large breast.
Patients and doctors note the likelihood of ripples appearing on the surface of the breast. The solution inside can gurgle.
They have a multilayer elastomer sheath, inside – a gel, which can differ in density.
Prostheses of the last generation with this type of filler are much more reliable than earlier versions. It is noted that the breast after the installation of such implants is soft to the touch and looks very natural.
They have a higher cost in comparison with saline, but they can be prosthetized over muscle tissue and placed on patients with a initially small breast size.
The disadvantages of such a filler are the traumatic nature of the installation of such a prosthesis and large postoperative scars.
When the implant ruptures, the modern silicone gel does not spread, but the probability of its getting into the limb or torso, nevertheless, exists.
Silicone filler can migrate for many years at the break, grow fibrous tissue, but does not constitute a serious threat to health.
The patient can not always feel a breach of the integrity of the implant, so those who have enlarged the breast with silicone prostheses need to undergo an MRI on a regular basis. In some countries (for example, the USA) it is forbidden to use implants with silicone filler
They are filled with a natural polymer – carboxymethyl cellulose, which when broken off from the prosthesis breaks down into glucose, carbon dioxide, and water.
Unlike silicone, this polymer minimizes the development of contracture (a capsule in which accumulated filler accumulates). Also, it is permeable for X-ray radiation, which allows a full examination of the chest.
Of course, in comparison with salt and silicone, these implants are much more expensive, and the filler has the property of seeping through the outer shell.
With silicate balls
A completely new filler announced in 2014. It is a microscopic ball, having similar properties with silicone, but with a number of advantages:
- lighter than silicone gel by 30%;
- practically exclude the possibility of sagging of the mammary glands.
- Prostheses with a new filler are still being tested, so a complete comparative analysis and exactly how they will
- behave in 10-15 years is still difficult.
From a nanostructured material
Until recently, nano implants were considered a technology of the future, thanks to which endoprostheses will no longer be dangerous to health and life.
Moreover, this development presupposed the possibility of carrying out local treatment of oncological diseases and minimizing the consequences of chemotherapy. With the help of implants, a drug must be delivered that destroys cancer cells. Thus, local treatment will be carried out.
Due to the reduction of components in nanostructured materials, a huge improvement in the quality and properties of the endoprostheses was planned. This will significantly improve survival rates and reduce the number of complications.
Specialists began to develop an alternative to silicone material, which will not harm health.
But already today there are implants of Motiva company called silk surface, which are related to nano-development.
What is their peculiarity? Basically, the implants had a smooth or textured surface. The second variant assumed the use of different particles (salt, sugar).
But studies were conducted that showed that such prosthetic prostheses can harm a person, cause complications.
Nano-implants SilkSurface is distinguished by a special surface. For her, no other materials were used, as mentioned above. As a result, the established endoprosthesis interacted better with human tissues, a remarkable adaptation was observed.
There are two types of endoprostheses in shape:
- Round. They are very popular due to the low price and ease of installation. As experience shows, this form is excellent for sagging breasts. Round implants are recommended for women with a large chest that wants to significantly enlarge their breasts.
- Anatomical (or drop-shaped). According to the name, the anatomical shape of the breast is repeated and looks as natural as possible. As a rule, this type of prosthesis is used to enlarge the breast of a small size, in lean women and in cases of a narrow chest. Can have the low, medium and high profile.
TYPES OF SURFACE FOR BREAST IMPLANTS
Breast implants have two types of surface of the outer shell: smooth and textured. These species are distinguished by their peculiarities:
Smooth. Such a surface reduces the likelihood of formation of folds of skin on the chest. The reverse side of the smoothness of the implant is the high risk of its rupture. After installation, such a prosthesis is covered with a connective tissue, but its uncontrolled growth is fraught with the compaction and deformation of the glands.
Rough, or textured. This shell is thicker and more durable. The fine pore surface provides good adhesion of the implant to soft tissues and reduces the risk of its displacement. The only drawback of the rough surface is that it can cause wrinkles and wrinkles, which worsens the appearance of the breast.
Do not be afraid of the above consequences. The risk of encountering them is reduced to zero if the operation was performed by an experienced surgeon.
The volume of the prosthesis is calculated in milliliters. 150 ml of silicone gel or saline solution corresponds to one natural breast size.
To increase, prostheses of 200, 300 and 400 ml are most often used. The maximum implant size is 740 ml, the minimum size is 90 ml.
The volume of the endoprosthesis can be regulated and fixed. In the first case, the surgeon inserts the filler into the shell after its installation, in the second – the implant represents an integral product whose volume is not corrected.
OPERATION FOR THE INSTALLATION OF BREAST IMPLANTS
After the implants are selected, the doctor, together with the patient, chooses the method of their installation (if in a particular case, variations are possible). The location of postoperative scars depends on the decision taken.
There are three installation options through the cut:
- along the crease under the mammary glands (submammary access);
- on the edge of the areola of the nipple (periareolar access);
- in the armpit (axillary access
DENTURE SERVICE LIFE
Implants produced by the latest technology, serve from 10 to 15 years. On average, prostheses are changed 10 years after the operation because of the increase in gravity, as the shape of the breast gradually changes, often asymmetry of the mammary glands.
At the patient’s request, the surgeon can extract old implants and return the previous breast size, or install new prostheses
HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT IMPLANT?
It is recommended that you choose the implants(Breast implants) that have proven themselves in the market.
In addition, the choice should be influenced by such factors:
- the size of a woman’s bust;
- the condition of the skin;
- proportions of the whole body;
- wishes of the woman herself.
Given all these important aspects, the surgeon will advise exactly the shape and type of implant that is appropriate in a particular case.
For example, often with a strong sagging of the breasts, round-shaped prostheses are chosen that have an average or high profile. But ladies with flat mammary glands are better to give preference to anatomical form.
REASONS FOR IMPLANT REPLACEMENT
There are situations when it becomes necessary to replace the delivered implants. When does this happen?
There are certain reasons for this. Here are the main ones:
- The integrity of the prosthesis was broken.
- The patient wanted a different size or decided to change the look of the product, as in the modern world there are
- new improved models.
- Sharply changed weight. For example, after a strong weight loss, the breast may begin to sag, eventually, a
- correction is needed.
- The bust became asymmetrical.
- Formed stretch marks or wrinkles.
To date, you can hear a lot of untruthful information about breast implants. Of course, plastic is always a risk. But modern implants are of the highest quality, and in the hands of experienced surgeons do not pose a threat to the female body. Breast augmentation operations change not only the appearance of a woman, they also improve the psychological state, as the patient becomes more confident in herself, the complexes disappear. So look for a good doctor and trust the choice of implants to a professional.
The installation of breast implants today is considered routine, therefore the services of numerous clinics specializing in plastic surgery are very in demand.
That the result of the operation to increase the mammary glands pleased the eye, and the probability of complications was minimal, it is necessary to carefully select both the prosthesis and the surgeon, who will put them.