Acne – Causes and Treatment
Acne is an inflammatory disease of the skin caused by changes in the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Rashes appear on the face, upper chest, and back
80% of adolescents and young people face acne. So manifests itself a riot of hormones in the developing organism. Acne and greasy luster on the face, greasy hair become a serious psychological problem for young men and women. It is even worse if a scar appears on the spot.
However, the characteristic rash can also bother an adult, when the hormonal surge in puberty is long gone. Let’s understand the causes and treatment.
One of the causes of acne is a change in hormonal levels. Human skin is a hormone-dependent organ. Therefore, it responds to hormonal surges and disturbances. That is why skin rash appears at certain periods of life – during puberty, in women before menstruation, during pregnancy. Acne can be a manifestation of gynecological diseases associated with hormonal disorders (for example, hyperandrogenism syndrome). The appearance of rashes provokes a long intake of androgens or anabolic hormones
Acceptance of hormonal drugs, the use or cancellation of hormonal contraceptives can also contribute to the appearance of a rash.
A common problem is an acne in 30-40-year-olds. In addition to hormonal disorders, the cause of acne in adults is often diseases of the digestive system and unhealthy diet
DIGESTION AND ACNE
The consequence of gastrointestinal diseases is a violation of the normal assimilation of food. Because of this, an increased amount of toxins is formed in the body. Since the skin also has an excretory function, toxins released through the skin cause acne. can accompany constipation, dysbacteriosis, gastritis, irritable bowel syndrome, bile duct stones.
Some products in themselves contribute to the aggravation of acne on the face. This flour and confectionery products that contain a lot of simple carbohydrates. The body reacts to them by producing large amounts of insulin and insulin-like growth factor. As a result, sebum production also increases, creating favorable conditions for bacteria on the skin.
Excessive consumption of fatty foods, easily digestible carbohydrates with a lack of fiber, proteins, and vitamins can lead to an imbalance of lipids (fats). Lipid imbalance is another common cause
FAT IMBALANCE AND SKIN CONDITION
An imbalance in the lipid balance can also be caused by a change in the function of the endocrine glands (pituitary, parathyroid, adrenal cortex). Lipid imbalance is associated with excessive sebum formation. If the sebaceous glands are excessively active, the sebum does not have time to be distributed over the surface of the skin and accumulates in the sebaceous gland. This creates ideal conditions for the reproduction of bacteria
A significant role in the appearance of acne is the hereditary predisposition. Other causes include:
Hyperkeratosis (increased keratinization of the skin)
- Acceptance of certain drugs ( hormonal contraceptives, antiepileptic drugs, anti-tuberculosis drugs, antidepressants, steroid hormones, some antibiotics)
- Stress affects the appearance of acne indirectly, as it significantly undermines the immune system and disrupts hormonal balance.
- Use of unsuitable cosmetics and improper skin care. This is due to the violation of the natural protection and acid-base balance of the skin.
The approach to the treatment of acne, as well as the duration of treatment, largely depends on the reasons for its occurrence. If the rashes are not permanent, but periodically appear as single acne (for example, during the menstrual cycle in women), then such a rash is not a disease. Treatment requires that the rash appear, again and again, taking up more and more space on the skin.
folk remedies, you can use a variety of cosmetics that temporarily reduce the amount of sebum. Try, for example, to prepare a mask to normalize the activity of the sebaceous glands. Prepare the juice from ripe viburnum berries (crush the berries). In the resulting juice, moisten a gauze cloth and place on cleansed face. After 30 minutes, wash with warm water, apply a nourishing cream on the skin. Viburnum juice acts as a plant antibiotic, reduces inflammation, reduces redness and helps to white spots.
But most often for a long time to get rid of acne alone does not work. The most effective treatment of acne in each case will be selected by a dermatologist. Be prepared that you may need to consult a gastroenterologist, endocrinologist, gynecologist or other doctors.
Conservative methods and cosmetic procedures are used to treat acne. In the mild form of acne, alcoholic solutions are used externally containing salicylic acid, adapalene ( differential ), antibiotics, resorcinol, benzoyl peroxide, and antibiotic ointment.
For oily seborrhea treatment includes prophylactic therapy (massage, cleansing and exfoliating agents, extraction).
For the treatment of severe forms, accompanied by skin damage, cystic and suppurative processes, a combination of systemic and external therapy is necessary. Reception of the drugs influencing the formation of subcutaneous fat is appointed (drugs with estrogen, androgens, spironolactone, isotretinoin). Systemic antibiotic therapy (doxycycline, clindamycin, co-trimoxazole, erythromycin, tetracycline ) is used. The doctor may also prescribe immunomodulators, dietary supplements, vitamins, radioprotectors, lipotropic drugs.
During the period of acne treatment, the skin should be protected from any aggressive effects, including ultraviolet radiation, friction, and excessive drying.